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Current Location: Homepage » Chinese Culture » The Chinese Culture » Main Body

Jingtailan (Cloisonné) 景泰藍

Time:2018-02-24Source:Internet
Profile:Jingtailan (Cloisonné) 景泰藍
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
The art of Jingtailan (Cloisonné) is a unique combination of sculpture, painting, porcelain making and copper-smithing that is said to have originated in Beijing during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). The oldest extant piece was made during the Yuan Dynasty, but Jingtailan underwent a major change during the Ming Dynasty when at about 1450 to 1456, a new blue pigment was discovered and gave Jingtailan its current name based on the Chinese word lan for blue. Ming Dynasty Jingtailan is also considered to be the most intricate. Nevertheless, Jingtailan reached its peak during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) due to great innovations in copper-melting techniques.
At present, Jingtailan is classified into two categories: Jingtailan and Flower-strip Jingtailan, each of which has several sub-varieties respectively.

The making of Jingtailan requires rather elaborate and complicated processes;base-hammering, copper-strip inlay, soldering, enamel-filling, enamel-firing, polishing and gilding. The products are featured by excellent quality. The skill and workmanship have been handed down from the Ming Dynasty. Since the founding of new China, quite a number of new varieties have been created. It enjoys a high reputation both at home and abroad with most of its products for export.

All the products are beautiful and elegant in molding, brilliant and dazzling in colors and splendid and graceful in design. It is a famous local handicraft in Beijing region.
Jingtailan can be found on large objects such as vases and other large utensils and decorative items, as well as small items like earrings, bracelets, chopsticks or jars.

景泰藍

景泰藍又稱"銅胎掐絲琺瑯",是一種中國傳統的手工藝精品。它以細扁銅絲作線條,在銅制的胎地上捏出各種圖案花紋,再將五彩琺瑯點填在花紋內,經燒制、磨平、鍍金而成。

景泰藍起源于元朝時(公元1271~1368年)的大都城(今北京市),盛行于明代景泰年間(公元1450~1457年)。因其釉料顏色主要以藍色為主,所以被稱為"景泰藍"。舊時的景泰藍制品專供皇室貴族享用、是權力和地位的象征。新中國成立后,景泰藍工藝有了進一步發展,在工藝上更趨成熟。目前的品種主要包括景泰藍和花絲景泰藍兩大類,其中景泰藍產品又分為金地景泰藍和藍地景泰藍兩部分,花絲景泰藍又分為金地花絲、銀地花絲和藍地花絲三類。

"景泰藍"完全由手工制成,制作過程十分精細,需要經過制胎、掐絲、燒焊、點藍、燒藍、磨光、鍍金等十余道工序。景泰藍的制作工藝既運用了青銅工藝,又利用了瓷器、琺瑯等工藝,同時大量引進傳統繪畫和雕刻技藝,堪稱中國傳統工藝的集大成者。景泰藍的造型優美,圖案華麗,色彩鮮艷,給人以富麗堂皇之感,具有很高的藝術價值,在國內外廣受贊譽。品種除舊有的裝飾性擺件外,近幾年又新發展出一大批實用性品種。
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