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Current Location: Homepage » Chinese Culture » The Chinese Culture » Main Body

Fancy Lantern 燈彩

Time:2018-02-24Source:Internet
Profile:Fancy Lantern 燈彩
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Fancy lanterns (dēng cǎi 燈彩), also called Colored Lamps (huā dēng 花燈), are special handicraft product of Chinese tradition which are widely used for decorations on festivals and holidays, weddings and other personal celebrations in China. According to statistics, fancy lantern was originated from the Western Han Dynasty (xī hàn 西漢) over 1800 years ago. When Lantern Festival (yuán xiāo jié 元宵節) comes, people will hang red lanterns so as to create a cheerful atmosphere. Afterward lantern became the symbol of joy in China. With its development, the lantern has formed abundant varieties and super craftwork level.

Palace LanternChinese lantern always consist of a frame made of metal wire or bamboo strips covered with paper or thin gauze and then painted over to be attractive. There are many types of fancy Lanterns, for example, palace lanterns (gōng dēng 宮燈), gauze lanterns (shā dēng 紗燈), swag lanterns (diào dēng 吊燈) etc.. As far as the modelings were concerned, they consist of character, landscape, flowers, birds, dragon, phoenix, fish and worms and so on. Apart from these, it has the lanterns with revolving figures. Chinese fancy lantern is a composition of painting, paper-cut, Zhi Zha (zhí zhá 紙扎), Ci Feng (cì féng 刺縫) etc..

 

Ice LanternThe local fancy lanterns have their own characters. The Dragon lantern (lóng dēng 龍燈) in Shanghai is made in cloth, the Zou Ma Deng (zóu mǎ dēng 走馬燈) in Guangdong is very exquisite, the Palace lanterns in Beijing is very elegant and fine, and the Harbin Ice-lamp (bīng dēng 冰燈) is Clean and clear, the mouth climbing grape lamp (láo shǔ pān pú táo dēng 老鼠攀葡萄燈), kylin lantern (qí líng dēng 麒麟燈), pigsy lantern (zhū bā jiè dēng 豬八戒燈), duck lantern (yā zī dēng 鴨子燈), goldfish lantern (jīn yú dēng 金魚燈) and mandarin duck lantern (yuān yāng dēng 鴛鴦燈) are with great humor and profound morals.

The fancy lantern is an art which represents the ingenuity of Chinese people. It combines the abstract formation, imitative sculpture, plane painting and calligraphy, complex decoration and light mechanism. It is an art with Chinese characteristics. Fancy lanterns are not only decoration of festival, but also a kind of care in people's life.

燈彩Gauze Lantern
      燈彩,又叫“花燈”,是一種傳統的中國手工藝品,多于傳統節日、婚壽吉慶之時懸掛,以烘托喜慶氣氛。它與流傳民間的元宵賞燈習俗密切相連。據考證,燈彩起源于1800多年前的西漢時期,每年的農歷正月十五元宵節前后,人們都掛起象征團圓意義的紅燈籠,來營造一種喜慶的氛圍。后來燈籠就成了中國人喜慶的象征。經過歷代燈彩藝人的繼承和發展,形成了豐富多彩的品種和高超的工藝水平。

      中國的燈彩是用竹、木或金屬做框架,再裱糊上紙或綾絹做成。燈彩從種類上分,有宮燈、紗燈、吊燈等等;從造型上分,有人物、山水、花鳥、龍鳳、魚蟲等等,除此之外還有專供人們賞玩的走馬燈。中國的燈彩綜合了繪畫藝術、剪紙、紙扎、刺縫等工藝。中國古代制作的燈彩中,以宮燈和紗燈最為著名。
Zou Ma Deng
      各地彩燈具有民族和地方特色:上海的龍燈,用布制成;廣東的走馬燈,結構精巧;北京的宮燈,制作精美,選料精細;哈爾濱的冰燈,玲瓏剔透;河北霸縣的老鼠攀葡萄燈、麒麟燈、豬八戒燈、鴨子燈、金魚燈、鴛鴦燈都題材詼諧、寓意明快。

      燈彩藝術體現了中華民族的才智巧思,它融抽象構成、擬形雕塑、平面書畫、復合裝飾和光動機制于一體,是一種具有濃郁民族特色的綜合空間藝術。它不只是節日的裝點和審美的對象,更是一種廣泛的存在和無限的人生關懷。

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